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What is photosynthesis?

Photosynthesis is a process where plants transform photon (light) energy into chemical energy needed for growth. In contrast to most other living creatures, plants use carbon oxide (CO2), along with water, light, and minerals to fuel their growth and energy needs. They convert this into oxygen and organic compounds. You could say that photosynthesis is the most important factor for most life on Earth since without photosynthesis there wouldn’t be oxygen. The light energy is absorbed by a photosynthetic reaction center, a combination of several proteins, pigments, and other compounds that can be found throughout the plant, but mostly in the leaves. Photosynthesis can be described as the following chemical equation:

6CO2+12H2O+light -> C6H12O6+6O2+6H2O

Where 6 carbon dioxide molecules combine with 12 water molecules and light energy and are then converted into 1 carbohydrate (glucose) molecule and 6 oxygen molecules and 6 water molecules.